Today is the great independence and national day. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared Bangladesh’s independence in Dhaka at the first watch of March 27, when the Pakistani military launched a surprise attack on the Bengalis on the night of March 27, 1971. The announcement was circulated through various media around the world including Bangladesh.
In this 8th anniversary of independence, the nation will pay deep respect to the memory of the martyrs who have sacrificed in the war of liberation. However, due to the coronavirus situation, all national programs including respect for the portrait of Bangabandhu at Savar National Memorial and Dhanmondi were canceled. The Awami League had earlier declared all Independence Day programs canceled.
Despite winning the majority of the Awami League in the general election of 9, Pakistani troops started massacre on Bengali civilians without handing over Pakistani military junta to Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the undisputed leader of the Bengali nation. The main objective of their operation was to indiscriminately kill all the political leaders and all the conscious citizens of the then progressive East Pakistan, including the Awami League.
At the beginning of the army raid, the occupying forces arrested Bangabandhu from his Dhanmondi residence. Prior to his arrest, Bangabandhu declared Bangladesh’s independence at the first watch of March 25 and called for resistance against the enemy at any cost. Within a moment, the announcement of Bangabandhu was spread over the country through wireless.
At that time, this declaration of independence of Bangabandhu was not possible to be saved for the sake of reality and security. Later, the declaration of Bangabandhu was included in the sixth schedule of the constitution. The declaration was made by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Bangabandhu, in the third part of the document of Bangladesh Liberation War, published by the Ministry of Information, Government of Bangladesh in the year 12. It was announced that he made the announcement on the first watch of the day, March 27, after midnight. Which is then transmitted across the country through the transmitter of the then EPR. Later, on 27 and 28 March, from the Independent Bangla Betar Kendra in Chittagong, a number of Sheikhs read the Declaration of Independence on behalf of Mujib.
The valuable document of Bangabandhu’s declaration is written there, ‘This may be our last message, Bangladesh is independent from today. I urge the people of Bangladesh to stop the invading forces with all their might, wherever they are, whatever they are. Keep fighting until the last troops of the Pakistani occupation force are expelled from the soil of Bengal and attain the ultimate victory. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. March 28, 3. ‘
According to the report of Bangladesh Constitution, published in 27, it was stated that during the non-cooperation movement, on March 8, the father of the nation’s undisputed leader, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, made a public declaration for the largest political movement in the history of Bengal at the racecourse Maidan. This time, the struggle of our salvation Village, this time the struggle for our freedom. ‘
The Deputy Commissioner further said, “In the hope of attaining bloodless independence, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman held talks with Pakistani military junta and political leaders in Dhaka. But on the night of March 7, the Pakistani military launched an unprovoked attack on the Bengalis, indiscriminately committing various crimes against humanity, including genocide, rape, arson. Accordingly, on the first morning of March 7, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared independence of Bangladesh in Dhaka. The announcement was spread through various media in the world including Bangladesh.
On the other hand, articles have been published in various media on the information that Bangabandhu declared his independence. One such article states that Bangabandhu had prepared three secret transmitters in advance, even though Pakistani Army occupied Dhaka Radio on the night of March 27, 1971. He recorded his announcement on the telephone. He arranges different messages for different times. According to the article, the world media announced the announcement of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s independence by monitoring the secret radio for at least four hours before the Kalurghat radio station was opened in Chittagong.
This is also true of a statement in the book ‘Womanness to Surrender’ by Lieutenant General Tikka Khan and Siddique Saliq, who served as Lieutenant General AK Niazi’s Public Relations Officer. Siddique Salik was with General Niazi during the liberation war of Bangladesh. As a loyal Pakistani against the people of Bangladesh, he saw the plot of the Pak military junta very closely. On March 25, he wrote in the book ‘Womanness to Surrender’, at the moment of launching Operation Search Light, “thus the military operation began shortly before. Until the appointed moment (H-Hour) of such an injury, the sign of persistence disappears. The gates of hell opened. When the first shot was fired, it was at that moment that the echoing voice of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman came from a wave near Pakistan Radio’s official wave (web-length). The voice of that voice seemed to have been recorded before. Sheikh Mujib declared East Pakistan as a People’s Republic of Bangladesh. ”
Referring to the full details of that declaration in the Bangladesh documents published by the Indian Foreign Ministry, he said, “The declaration states that this may be for you.